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1. Introduction: Bio-physical anthropology
2.Four basic divisions of anthropology
3.Human beings-The central figure of anthropology
5.New physical anthropology
6.Biological anthropology -a new concept
7.Applied physical anthropology
8.Scope of bio-physical anthropology
9.Major divisions of physical anthropology
1. Introduction: Bio- Physical Anthropology
The term anthropology has been derived from two Greek words, anthropo and logos. The meaning of the former is man and the latter, science. Therefore, anthropology is the science of man/human. But its
scope differs from that of the other sciences dealing with human. Anthropology studies the different aspects of the life of human, right from the date of his origin up to the present day for example, its physical features, differences, cultural variations, social, political, religious, and other affairs (Andrews and Stringer, 1989; Jaiswal, 2013).
- Four Basic Divisions of Anthropology
Anthropology has four separate branches—(1) Physical or Biological Anthropology, (2) Cultural or social Anthropology, (3) Prehistoric Archaeology and (4) Linguistic Anthropology.
The Physical or Biological Anthropology branch deals with the physical aspects of human evolution, structural variations, racial composition, etc. Physical anthropologists take into consideration the facts, like the skin-colour of man in different countries, the character of hair, size and shape of nose, stature, etc., and then try to classify the people of the world in different groups based on the similarities of physical characteristic. In doing this, they also collect the bones of ancient men from the different layer of the earth and try to give comparative analysis with modern men (Jaiswal, 2013).