Audio Video Notes:Physical/ Biological Anthropology-Meaning and Scope of Biological Anthropology

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1. Introduction: Bio-physical anthropology

2.Four basic divisions of anthropology

3.Human beings-The central figure of anthropology

4.Human diversities

5.New physical anthropology

6.Biological anthropology -a new concept

7.Applied physical anthropology

8.Scope of bio-physical anthropology

9.Major divisions of physical anthropology

10.Summary

 

1. Introduction: Bio- Physical Anthropology

The term anthropology has been derived from two Greek words, anthropo and logos. The meaning of the former is man and the latter, science. Therefore, anthropology is the science of man/human. But its

scope  differs  from  that  of  the  other  sciences  dealing  with  human.  Anthropology  studies  the  different aspects of the  life of  human, right  from the date of  his origin up to the present day for example, its physical features, differences, cultural variations, social, political, religious, and other affairs (Andrews and Stringer, 1989; Jaiswal, 2013).

 

  1. Four Basic Divisions of Anthropology

Anthropology has four separate branches—(1) Physical or Biological Anthropology, (2) Cultural or social Anthropology, (3) Prehistoric Archaeology and (4) Linguistic Anthropology.

The Physical or Biological Anthropology branch deals with the physical aspects of human evolution,  structural variations, racial composition, etc. Physical anthropologists take into consideration the facts, like the skin-colour of man in different countries, the character of hair, size and shape of nose, stature, etc., and then try to classify the people of the world in different groups based on the similarities of physical characteristic. In doing this, they also collect the bones of ancient men from the different layer of the earth and try to give comparative analysis with modern men (Jaiswal, 2013).

(Source: http:E-pathshala //epgp.inflibnet.ac.in/ content by Dr. Ajeet Jaiswal)

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